In Shakespeare’s Sonnet 18, the speaker initially asks whether to make a comparison of the person he loves with a summer’s day. The speaker then goes ahead to make the comparison, in the poem it can be argued that the speaker is saying “I will compare you to the summer’s day.” In the initial part of the poem, the speaker invokes a sense of respects and appreciation to the person he adores. Moreover, it can be argued that the speaker may be alone and may be speaking in rhetoric. On the other hand, it can be argued that the speaker is addressing the person he is speaking about by asking for a chance to make a comparison, knowing that she or he will acquiesce.
After making the comparison, the speaker then proceeds to make a description of how the person he adores and cherishes is very lovely and everlasting more than the beauty seen by looking at the physical look. Additionally, the speaker never rejects the comparison. The speaker utilizes the comparison to showcase his favoritism and love the person he is talking about over nature. The favoritism is evident in the instance when the speaker says “but the eternal summer shall not fade” meaning that the youth shall never fade and shall persist through eternity.
Reviews of the sonnet reveal that at some time, the speaker rejects the comparisons evident in the lines of the sonnet. In the lines of the sonnet, it can be said that the speaker’s love towards his loved one lives on evidenced by various lines of the sonnet. In answering the question, shall I compare thee to the summer’s day? The author answers his question by stating that his loved one is like the eternal summer that never fades because the poem shall survive for a very long time beyond the death of the speaker’s loved one. Therefore, it can be said that the speaker loves and appreciates his loved one no matter how long it shall pass by introducing the components of nature.
Most importantly since the speaker may be speaking rhetorically, it can be argued that he is alluding to the fact that the poem will never fade. Thus, the reader can make the conclusion that the speaker is talking about the beauty that belongs to his loved one. However, the comparison of his loved one to the summer’s day is utilized in invoking the point that it is the sonnet and not the beauty itself that makes the providence of the longer life. Thus, it is only the memory of the speaker and love for his special person that persists like the summer’s day.
In the Shakespeare’s Sonnet 18, the speakers also answer his initial questions by slowly praising his loved one without any ostentation by building the image of the loved one into that of a perfect being that can be compared to nature. The building of the loved one by the speaker is achieved initially by making a comparison of the summer in the octave with the speaker’s loved one. Moreover, the speaker symbolizes his loved one by introducing the standard that can be used to measure the beauty possessed by the person he loves. In answering his question, the speaker alludes that his profound joy is to bear forever the human memory of his loved one just like the summer that never goes away forever.