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How to Write a Resume: A Step-by-Step Guide

We also advise candidates to avoid listing their hobbies or interests. Focus instead on the experience and skills that make you suitable for the job you’re applying for. The exceptions occur when you have limited relevant experience or if the employer specifically asks applicants to list hobbies. In these cases, keep it brief. Avoid anything that could be contentious, such as political affiliations, and instead show how your personality is suited to that of the organisation. For example, consider listing a hobby that requires expertise relevant to the role, such as organisational or communication skills.

education section on resume

How to write a resume: template and tips

Resume writing can be a daunting prospect when starting your job search, particularly if it has been a long time since you last entered the job market or if you are looking for your first professional role. Your resume, along with your cover letter, is what a potential employer uses to make their first judgement about you.

Knowing how to write a resume will help you stand out from all the other applicants and reach the interview shortlist. Your resume must demonstrate that you possess most or all the criteria required in the job. Tailor your resume for each position you apply for by expanding on your experience relevant to the job and cutting back the less relevant parts.

Follow our tips for updating your resume

CV versus resume – what’s the difference?

Traditionally, a CV referred to a comprehensive (up to six pages) account of your entire professional life, while a resume was a summary (up to two pages) of your education, skills and work experience. However, in more modern times, the need for a lengthy overview of your career history has become redundant, with a hiring company instead expecting a two-page summary. At the same time, people began to use the two terms reciprocally. Now, whether you call your career overview a ‘CV’ or ‘resume’, it has no bearing on your chance of reaching an interview shortlist.

Think of your CV as your own living, breathing personal pitch – a pitch that succinctly answers all the questions a recruiter or hiring manager has about you. The degree to which you present the reader with the information they require to make an informed decision can determine whether you are invited to interview.

This includes why you are applying for this job, with this organisation and in this industry, what value you can bring to the organisation and whether you have what is required to be successful in the role.

Write a standout resume headline

A resume headline is a concise, one-line description of who you are as a candidate. A well-written headline can grab a recruiter’s attention and encourage them to take a more detailed look at your qualifications.


Your headline is a short but powerful addition to your resume, often the first thing a recruiter reads. Take advantage of the opportunity to make a strong first impression. It’s also another opportunity to include a specific job title or keyword that might be used to sort your resume in the ATS.

Resume headline tips:

A resume builder like no other

Computer with resume

Visual character, templates and first impressions

We choose our clothes for an interview with care, why shouldn’t we put the same effort into the appearance of our resume? It’s our primary ambassador before any sort of physical meeting, a first impression that will live long in the hiring manager’s memory.

According to a study done by TheLadders, recruiters spend an average of 6 seconds glancing at a resume before moving on to another one (as we mentioned in our profession-specific guides and examples ). During this short time, a subconscious decision is often made based on the “looks” of your resume. If it’s clean and beautiful, the hiring manager will infer a number of positive traits about your personality.

You can create your own templates, but unless you’re a professional designer, it may be best to rely on field-tested visuals. Templates project a certain character and mood with their design: they can emphasize creativity, dependability, discipline and other qualities.

4+ Effective Resume Examples

resume samples

How to Write a Convincing Cover Letter

Most job-seekers flinch when they hear that they have to write a cover letter. What do you even mention in a cover letter, anyway? If you were good at writing cover letters, you’d be applying for a writing job!

You should think of a cover letter as a direct message to the hiring manager. You get to briefly explain why you’re such an awesome fit for the position. When we put it that way, it doesn’t sound as hard, does it?

  • Introduce yourself (and leave an impression) – As a start, give a brief run-down on your work experience and mention why you’re interested in working for the company you’re applying for. You can also mention 1-2 of your top professional achievements to leave a good first impression.
  • Explain how you’d excel at the job – Identify the top 3 requirements in the job ad. Then, dedicate one paragraph to explaining how you fulfil each requirement. So for example, if the requirement is “Facebook Advertising Experience,” mention how you have done Facebook ads in the past and how you’ve excelled at it.
  • Wrap it up and say thanks – Thank the reader for reading your cover letter and propose the next steps. For example, “If you’d like to know more about my experience with Project XYZ, I’d love to chat!”


Does writing a cover letter still seem a bit complicated? Well, it is – to really explain everything you need to know about cover letters, we’d have to write a completely new guide on the topic. Which we did – thank us later! If you want to learn more about writing a cover letter, check out our full guide. Or if you need some extra inspiration, check out these 5+ cover letter examples.

How to Ace Your Next Interview

Whether you’re an extrovert or an introvert, you probably hate the interviewing process. After all, sitting there while someone’s prodding into your past experiences and judging the hell out of you isn’t the most fun experience.

Did you know, though, that most interviewers ask the same questions? Yep – all you have to do is learn how to answer some of the most common interview questions, and you’ll be an interview away from landing your dream job!


How does the speaker answer his own question in Shakespeare’s Sonnet 18

In Shakespeare’s Sonnet 18, the speaker initially asks whether to make a comparison of the person he loves with a summer’s day. The speaker then goes ahead to make the comparison, in the poem it can be argued that the speaker is saying “I will compare you to the summer’s day.” In the initial part of the poem, the speaker invokes a sense of respects and appreciation to the person he adores. Moreover, it can be argued that the speaker may be alone and may be speaking in rhetoric. On the other hand, it can be argued that the speaker is addressing the person he is speaking about by asking for a chance to make a comparison, knowing that she or he will acquiesce.

After making the comparison, the speaker then proceeds to make a description of how the person he adores and cherishes is very lovely and everlasting more than the beauty seen by looking at the physical look. Additionally, the speaker never rejects the comparison. The speaker utilizes the comparison to showcase his favoritism and love the person he is talking about over nature. The favoritism is evident in the instance when the speaker says “but the eternal summer shall not fade” meaning that the youth shall never fade and shall persist through eternity.

Reviews of the sonnet reveal that at some time, the speaker rejects the comparisons evident in the lines of the sonnet. In the lines of the sonnet, it can be said that the speaker’s love towards his loved one lives on evidenced by various lines of the sonnet. In answering the question, shall I compare thee to the summer’s day? The author answers his question by stating that his loved one is like the eternal summer that never fades because the poem shall survive for a very long time beyond the death of the speaker’s loved one. Therefore, it can be said that the speaker loves and appreciates his loved one no matter how long it shall pass by introducing the components of nature.

Most importantly since the speaker may be speaking rhetorically, it can be argued that he is alluding to the fact that the poem will never fade. Thus, the reader can make the conclusion that the speaker is talking about the beauty that belongs to his loved one. However, the comparison of his loved one to the summer’s day is utilized in invoking the point that it is the sonnet and not the beauty itself that makes the providence of the longer life. Thus, it is only the memory of the speaker and love for his special person that persists like the summer’s day.

In the Shakespeare’s Sonnet 18, the speakers also answer his initial questions by slowly praising his loved one without any ostentation by building the image of the loved one into that of a perfect being that can be compared to nature. The building of the loved one by the speaker is achieved initially by making a comparison of the summer in the octave with the speaker’s loved one. Moreover, the speaker symbolizes his loved one by introducing the standard that can be used to measure the beauty possessed by the person he loves. In answering his question, the speaker alludes that his profound joy is to bear forever the human memory of his loved one just like the summer that never goes away forever.

Facilities Layout/Process Improvement

Warehouses are normally large plain buildings which are used for commercial purposes for goods storage. They are commonly used by importers, exporters, manufacturers as well as wholesalers. Recent developments in marketing fields have greatly led to the development of warehouse planning and designing styles. Therefore, flexibility can be built into warehouse planning and design to accommodate change for the future in various ways. Warehousing operations ought to adopt to the emerging changes as well as growing need of customers due to the changing trends. Warehouse and distribution operations now tend to pay more emphasis on fewer inventories, larger SKU catalogues, value adding services, and increased customized packaging (Anonymous, 2002). Most companies have deployed new technologies such as Transportation management systems (TMS) and Warehouse management systems (WMS) toward meeting the emerging requirements and reducing costs and improving service levels to the customers.

In order for a warehouse to accommodate change in the future, the use of computers and supply chain software should be taken into consideration. Supply chain software is already a critical element today and it will lead to new highly automated warehouses in future. Therefore, computer would be an effective as well as efficient tool for warehouse management in preparation for the future changes. Computers in warehouses would receive, retrieve as well as provide the necessary information and update records that help in controlling the operations of warehouse efficiently (Berg, 2007).

Flexibility can be built into warehouse planning and design to accommodate for the future by taking location into consideration. Location as well as the warehouse purpose within the network is an essential thing. In addition, convenience is fast becoming one of the primary points of competition for warehouses. In order to accommodate change for the future warehouses should develop flexible space. Warehouse flexibility is becoming a more significant issue as retailers increasingly take their businesses online. Therefore, the building must be able to cope with the demand volatility which is imposed by e-Commerce whether a smaller urban warehouse or a large distribution centre. In relation to design, warehouses should incorporate technology in order to accommodate change for the future. Therefore, a warehouse must be designed in a way that it can accommodate short-term changes in requirements of space as well as delivering operational efficiency’s required levels.

Flexibility can also be built into warehouse planning and design to accommodate change in the future through warehouse management. Warehouse management tends to be a part of logistics as well as supply chain management system which is a vast as well as critical process. The complexity of warehouse management has increased more with the change of business nature due to globalization. Warehouse Management System is considered to be one of those kinds of solution that fulfill all requirements of business need today since it is flexible and provides automated support to process warehouse activities. Warehouse management is no longer limited to a particular warehouse’s boundaries since a wide variety of activities have been associated with this process. Some of the activities include cost management, warehouse design and warehouse process design, container storage and inventory management and planning. There are several benefits of Warehouse Management System. For instance, the system renders flexibility and efficient automated support that helps to manage complex warehouse structure. Moreover, the system efficiently support the warehouse process by defining as well as optimizing material flow using advanced put away and picking techniques.

Questions such as inventory’s deployment as well as well as transportation means are complicated things which can be solved with a systems approach. Therefore, in the future, the software will help in determining most of the choice as well as future decisions will be made using management information systems. Management information systems are quite necessary for decision making for numerous considerations which include the need for all warehouse work. There are various tradeoffs with respect to allocating resources up front or into the future (Graham, 2003). The technology driven market tends to bring in the way regarding complex ordering processes. Warehouses have recently adopted Retrieval Systems (AVS) and Autonomous Vehicle-based Storage as a potential alternative to traditional retrieval systems and automated storage for processing operations at unit-load. A high level pertaining hardware sophistication is provided by autonomy of the vehicles in an AVR thus leading to improvements in operation flexibility which will be necessary in warehouses of the future.

Question 2

Process improvement tends to relate to analyzing or improving a system. In this case, any company enterprise process could be greatly improved. For instance, in transportation, a firm can focus on significantly improving its software system to manage employees, inventory, payroll and even drivers. Moreover, transportation may even focus to improve routes, driver training in reducing hazards as well as increasing safety on the road. In addition, Transportation Management solutions (TMS) can help in taking back control of transportation processes as well as driving out transportation costs (Gilmore, 2002). With the help of process improvement, TMS software also helps a company in controlling process of orders, loads, auditing and payments, and following and tracking shipments.

Moreover, essay writing company  helps in managing the supply chain, especially coordinating and optimizing products and materials movement. In most cases, supply chain management contains transportation operations. Products of TMS tend to serve as logistics thus serving as center in a common network of customers, shippers, carriers and shippers. TMS systems help in keeping track of all of the transportation operations electronically thus convenience and efficiency. Process improvement through transportation systems tends to offer significant tools in maximizing the efficiency as well as reducing costs that are related with the product logistics and shipping (Gilmore, 2002).

Due to the existence of process improvement, there are various functionality which enhance transportation excellence. For instance, automated carrier section helps businesses in determining the carrier as well as mode options for each delivery. Another significant functionality is shipment consolidation which helps business in evaluating all scheduled shipments as well as organizing, and creating efficient bundles. Moreover, it helps in maximizing the load consolidation with each delivery. In addition, route optimization function tends to use maps, traffics data, transportation costs, and modal limitations toward making decision for efficient route. Additionally, another critical function is freight estimate optimization. Regarding this functionality, software calculates the delivery costs based on mode of shipping, weight, distance as well as other variables (Larose, 2001). Thus, business can acquire report in determining the most cost efficient ways after this calculation.

Another important function is payments. In this section, system consist accounting modules which significantly help business in controlling invoices which are shipment related and audit freight bills. Moreover, this module helps in reducing payment errors as well as helps in settling payments. Process improvement might be extended to other areas of logistics planning in various ways. the ability for a firm to control its costs is one of the most visible as well as valuable benefits of continuous process improvement in business logistic planning. Several costs rise over time such as raw materials thus rising costs tend to cut into profits unless organizations can raise prices without affecting consumer demand. Therefore, a business can take control of its costs by continuously improving logistics. Other areas of logistics planning can be reached through process improvement through the use of technology.